En plus des équipes de recherche du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (voir la page), de l’Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (voir la page) et de l’Université Cadi Ayyad (voir la page), le programme Geoparc-H2020 met en collaboration 10 partenaires, parmi lesquels :
- 6 universités
- 2 géoparcs
- 1 entreprise d’ingénierie
- 1 photographe
Partner 4: Université Paris III Sorbonne Nouvelle (France) – Paris 3
Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3 is the heir of the former Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris. Sorbonne Nouvelle offers in the field of Language, Literature, Arts & Media, Human and Social Sciences a series of high-level multidisciplinary training in Bachelor, Master and Doctorate. The formations of the Sorbonne Nouvelle are backed by internationally recognized research activities in the field of modern humanities. The university has 17 873 students including about 5000 foreign students and 680 professor-researchers and 900 teachers.
Research group involved: Axis “social links and culturalisation” (co-chaired by François Mairesse) within laboratory CERLIS, a human and social science research laboratory focuses on the issue of social links. In the present project, they will participate in the website building for Geopark Central Catalunya. At research level, they will participate in the drafting of review articles on the reception of the publics with sensory impairment in geoparks. Their major interest will be the co-design and development of online master.
Partner 5: Université Paris Diderot – PARIS 7 (France) – Paris 7
Paris Diderot University, also known as Paris 7, is a leading French university. It is one of the heirs of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Paris (together with Paris 6. Currently, there are 2300 educators and researchers, 1100 administrative personnel and 26,000 students studying humanities, science, and medicine. Researcher involved: Igor Babou (Laboratory CERILAC, EA 4410, associated researcher at MNHN). He is interested in the dynamics of stakeholders in connection with the heritage and local identity, within the Geopark project, from a case study in Lanzarote. He will participate in articles writing for the website and teaching.
Partner 6: Aix-Marseille Université (France) - AMU
Aix-Marseille University (AMU) is a public research university located in Provence, France. The university as it is today was formed by the merge of the University of Provence, the University of the Mediterranean and Paul Cézanne University in 2012, resulting in the creation of the largest university in the French-speaking world, with about 70,000 students. AMU has the largest financial endowment of any academic institution in the Francophone world, standing at €750 million.
Research group involved: EA 4671 ADEF Learning, Teaching, Assessment, Training is part of Aix Marseille University (AMU) and partnered with the IFé at ENS Lyon. The research conducted at ADEF aims to increase understanding of teaching and/or training systems, particularly the effects of policy decisions. In this project, Angela Barthes and Yanique Ekobet Allogo shall be interested in the transmission of the local knowledges in the certified territories Unesco-Géoparc. He could involve Géoparcs existing as those being the object of a prospecting for a request of labelling. Our educational steps concern the "educations in", in particular the education in the sustainable development, the education in the heritage. Our works are centred in a global way, on the interaction between the school and the territory.
Partner 7: Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse (France) – UAPV
Université d’Avignon is a public institution offering degree programs in all fields except medicine. Founded in 1303, the university operates two beautiful campuses—one in the central city and other in nearby Agroparc that occupy more than 17 acres. The total enrolment of 7,200 includes 13 % international students, supported by a faculty of 388 and a staff of 325. Research efforts fall into two categories, both hallmarks of the university: (i) agro sciences and sciences; and (ii) culture, heritage, digital societies. The university’s 17 research laboratories collaborate with the major French research bodies as they conduct international research from local facilities. Researcher involved: Isabelle Brianso (researcher associated with PALOC) will mainly participate in WP2 on linkage between heritage and tourisme.
Partner 8: Beijing Normal University (China) – BNU
Founded in 1902, the School of Geography (SOG) in Beijing Normal University has a history of nearly 110 years and it educated and trained a large number of outstanding talents. It stems from History and Geography of Normal Section in the Peking Imperial University and was named as the Department of History and Geography in 1912. In 1928, the Department of Geography was established as a separate department. The main direction of the research related to the project are: Geography Education and Environmental Education, Environment and Heritage Interpretation.
In GEOPARK project, they will bring their expertise in the creation and management of protected areas in China. They also participate in the drafting of various articles on the emergence of the concept of geoheritage in China. All these elements will be presented in the internet site and will be mobilized in the teachings of master.
Partner 9: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico) – UNAM
The UNAM is the oldest and largest university of Mexico. The academic staff is made out of 39,500 professors, researchers, and academic technicians. Its substantive functions are teaching, research, and dissemination of culture. Undergraduate programs are taught in 22 schools and national schools located in Mexico City and its Metropolitan Area, and in some institutes, centres and units located in different states of Mexico. This infrastructure enables UNAM to offer 117 programs in all disciplines of human knowledge. Through the Open University and the Distance Education System, UNAM offers twenty-two undergraduate programs, one technical program, one distance high school, four doctoral and fourteen master programs, in twelve schools, two national schools, and one extension centre in the University itself.
Institute of Geography (IGg): The mission of the IGg is to carry out and disseminate scientific research geographical research, both basic and applied, aimed at the knowledge of the territory and its natural, social and economic resources, considering its current use and potential. Its main objective of study is the geographical space and the different forms of organization of its constituent elements, both physical and socioeconomic.
Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental (CIGA): CIGA's mission is to contribute to the territorial planning and management of specific natural resources in territories (landscapes). The emphasis is on the historical and geographical dimensions of the environmental issue, in the central- western region of the country. Staff consist of 22 researchers and 10 research assistants (most of them geographers, and biologists, ecologists, anthropologists and historians).
In GEOPARK project, they will bring their expertise in the creation and management of protected areas in Latin America. They also participate in the drafting of various articles on the emergence of the concept of geoheritage in various countries of Latin America. All these elements will be presented in the internet site and will be mobilized in the teachings of master.
Partner 10: CERDAN SL (Spain) – CERDAN SL.
CERDAN Ingenieros S.L. is a private company (SME) established since 1994 in Catalonia (Spain) with engineering specialisation (geology and environmental expertise). This SME private company, lead by Eng. Ramon Cerdan Botella, has been working for twenty years in geological applied studies and environmental & industrial waste in Europe (Spain and France), Asia (China) and Africa (Senegal, Sierra Leon and Ivory Coast). Besides, this SME has been working with the Department of Geology, Autonomous University of Barcelona (Spain) in various international investigation projects, such as: SOWAEUMED (FP7, INCO), Investigation Centre in Environmental Issues in Brazil (AECID, 2009-2012).
CERDAN will deal with technical expertise in the field (geology and environmental, including pollution control issues) in close collaboration with the UAB and will help local authorities (Morocco) regarding the UNESCO candidature process after the end of the project (+M48), as mentioned in the “Part B”.
Partner 11: Cabildo Insular de Lanzarote (Geoparque Lanzarote y Archipiélago Chinijo) (Spain) – GLAC
Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands Geopark, with over 2,500km2, comprising 866km2 of land on the whole island of Lanzarote and the small islands of La Graciosa, Montaña Clara, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste and Alegranza, located in the north, and known as “Chinijo Islands”, is the most recent Unesco Global Geopark of Spain, declared in 2015. It has been awarded with the prize “GGN Best Practice Awards” in 2016. This Geopark represents an interesting case of study not only because of its geographical emplacement between Spain and Morocco, but also because it has engaged since the 60’s a territorial-touristic project, based on its natural heritage. A touristic model introduced by an artist Cesar Manrique and the president of the Cabildo José Ramirez with other local actors that gives “an integral conception of the Island taking into account the resources and the image that wanted to be projected... ‘We don’t have to copy any one’ ‘we have to show our intrinsic personality of the Island so they will come and copy us’” (A. Zamora Cabrera, 2009: 35, 38).
In 1991 is adopted the “Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial” that has protected 65% of the non- agricultural land. Lanzarote is also an example of the conjunction of multiples protected areas: 41,6% of the insular superficies are protected by any of the categories of the “Red Canaria de Espacios Naturales Protegidos”; a National Park since 1974; and international recognitions such as Natura 2000 and Biosphere Reserve (1993). But at the same time Lanzarote faces the problem of mass tourism. This scenario is and interesting case of study of patrimonialisation of a territory, actors’ conflicts, cultural and museological offer. In GEOPARK project, this will be the case for a study on articulation between public policy of heritage and everyday practice of institutional actors in the territory.
Partner 12: Associació Geoparc Conca de Tremp – Montsec (Spain) - GCTM
The Conca de Tremp-Montsec Geopark project is located in the Pyrenees in the north-western corner of Catalonia (province of Lleida), and the north-east of Spain, relatively close to the southern borders of France and Andorra. The geographical area of the Geopark includes 19 municipalities, and covers 2,050 km2. These municipalities have a total of 16,405 inhabitants. Therefore, this is a rural area with a low population density of 8 inhabit/km2 of which it must be highlighted that 13 municipalities have less than 5 inhabit/km2. In GEOPARK project, this will be the case for a study on aspect of scientific communication in geoparks.
Partner 13: Martin Loyer Photographe (France)
Martin LOYER is a photographer specialized in fields of heritage, urban planning, and areas that are difficult to access. He combines several innovative approaches to capturing remarkable sites and offer a seamless experience to anybody. Amongst traditional photography, he use both Gigapixel photography and 360° virtual tours. His professional experiences include: Archaeological gigapixels for IRD in 2013, Archaeological 360° photography (virtual tours) of Azrou Klane for IRD in 2013/14/15, UNESCO Digital Heritage in 2013, Rope access photography of Notre Dame Cathedral of Paris in 2015. He has worked as the assigned photographer for European archaeological team ‘Paysages gravés’. In the GEOPARK project, he is expected to provide photography for website building and to carry out a 360° virtual tour.
As mentioned above, the methodology used in GEOPARK project is based on a multidisciplinary approach, mixing Humanities methodology (survey, interviews, collecting data, etc.) and Life & Earth Sciences. Despite the fact that these two approaches are based on a separated methodological protocol of investigation, the methodology used during the project will be based on an integrated methodology regarding territory, heritage and development. Indeed, the consortium will share cross-methodology (theoretical and empirical) in order to establish an innovative methodology on Geoparks for Morocco and which could be duplicated and adapted in Maghreb region (Algeria, Tunisia). The consortium will share transfer of knowledge regarding field data on case study territory (Partner 4), Geopark concept expertise (Partners 3, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13 & 14), reflexive and theoretical survey mixing research and field approach (Partners 1, 6, 7, 8 & 9) and scientific analysis of field data linked to pollution and ecology (Partners 2 & 3). Common publications and activities will be organised in order to explain the specificities of mixed approach and an integrated conservation strategy for developing countries which attempt to get an international Label (UNESCO).